Dental caries also known as tooth decay is the single most common chronic childhood disease; it is five times more common than asthma and seven times more common than hay fever. Dental caries is the most prevalent unmet dental need.
Although we have progressed in preventative care, the amount of tooth decay seen in children has not diminished or decreased. 51 million hours of school are lost per year because of dental-related illness.
What is the cause of tooth decay?
Tooth decay is a disease that results in the destruction of the enamel, the hard outer layer of the tooth. In order for cavities to develop there must be a host, a dietary substrate, and an aciduric bacteria.